A regularly updated collection of historical records and  from the Africa Federation archives.


Kharumwa is a town in Geita region of North Western Tanzania, East Africa. It is the administrative centre for Nyang’hwale district. Prior to 2012, Kharumwa was part of Geita district under Mwanza region.

Nyang’hwale district is one of the five districts of Geita region of Tanzania. Its administrative centre is the village of Kharumwa. It is bordered to the North by Sengerema district, to the East by Misungwi district and Shinyanga rural district, to the South by Kahama district and to the West by Geita district.

As per data of 2012, the population of Nyang’hwale was 148,320. Nyang’hwale was established in 2012, when it was split from Geita district and became part of the newly established Geita region.

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1976 AFED Conference hosted by KSI Jamaat of  Dar-es-Salaam in the Gents Imambargha

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Fazal Hasham Jivraj (1867-1925) – Mogadishu, Somalia

Fazal Hasham Jivraj was born in Kera, Kutch, India in 1867. A firm intention of an overseas adventure, led him to travel by dhow to Zanzibar at the age of 13. After a year-long stay in Zanzibar, he travelled to Mogadishu where he worked for 5 years at Haji Khatau who was originally from Mandvi, Kutch. Impressed by the astuteness, dedication and sincerity of Fazalbhai, Rashid Kanji Rajpar of Zanzibar employed Fazalbhai as a manager of his newly opened Mogadishu branch. His business at Merca was being managed by Jaffer Gangji. After a few years, Fazalbhai’s hard work made him famous and his employer finally appointed him as General Manager for all his branches in Somalia.
In spite of his being engrossed in business, Fazalbhai felt his responsibility to the other family members who still lived in India. He arranged for travel of his brothers Abdulla and Mohamed from India to Mogadishu. When they arrived, he opened a business for them under the name of Haji Abdulla. He continued working for his employer with utmost devotion until 1911 when he resigned. In 1912, he joined his brothers and opened a new company “Fratelli Hasham”, Italian for “Hasham Brothers”. With the grace of Allah (SWT), the new business grew up very fast and prospered very well.

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Nurmohamed Manekia – Kilwa Jamat in Perspective

Nurmohamed Mulji Manji Ukka Manekia was born in Mahuva, Kathiawar, India. His grandfather Manji Ukka Manekia was a man of piety. Nurmohamed and his uncle Shamji Manji used to go to their neighbour Majnamia Saheb of Kodinar for training in Namaz, Majlis and Salam. In 1860 (Savant 1917), he travelled to nearby town of Ghogha for a trade fair. From there he took the sea voyage to Zanzibar in 1864 (Savant 1921). In Zanzibar he was employed by Hassan Gulamhussein of Bhavnagar. The business was called Hassan Thawer & Co and belonged to Thawer Mulani of Bhavnagar. They used to have majlis at this premises every Thursday and Hassanbhai would recite Rozatush Shohada in his characteristic manner and style.

Nurmohamed then joined Mohamed Walji whose pious nature and strong faith impressed upon him and led him to have a strong faith too. In 1883 (Savant 1940), he opened a shop in Kilwa with the help of Lakha Kanji, Sachedina Pirani (Sachoo Peera) and Aliya Jumani.

At the Kilwa Jamatkhana, there was no limit on duration of majlis and matam. They also used to recite Salawat on 14 masumeen and Ziyarat at the Jamatkhana. The majlis session would take 2-3 hours. Most of the members were from Kutch and there were a few from Jamnagar and one from Junagadh.

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Archives Section Final (Part 7) Down the Memory Lane Photographs


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Archives Section (Part 6) Down the Memory Lane Photographs


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Haji Karmali Hansraj Jagani – Kigoma in perspective

In 1909 Karmali Hansraj Jagani accompanied by his family travelled to Dar es Salaam from India by ship “Queen Bismarck”, the journey taking a total of 9 days. His son Gulamhussein who was five years old at that time has narrated this story.

Being the first visit to a new country, Karmalibhai had no idea of what to expect. On arriving at Dar es Salaam, he stayed at Ismaili Musafarkhana. After 7 days, he travelled by train to Igalula. He then walked for two hours to Saneku, 10 miles away. From Saneku he walked 60 miles to Tabora arriving a day later. The women and children were carried all the way by porters in litter (machera).

After staying in Tabora for a month, he walked for two days to Manakulwa, 70 miles away. He joined in the employment of Walli Omar. There were 4 shops at Manakulwa; their owners being Sheriff Jiwa, Nasser Virjee, Walli Omar and an Arab, Khalil bin Nasser. After staying at Manakulwa for about a year, he again moved to Tabora.

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Haideralibhai was born on 20th March 1918 in Diego Suarez, Madagascar. He studied till class six in French and Gujrati School. Side by side he studied Qur’an and Urdu language from Sunni Jamaat and Dawoodi Bohora Muallims. In 1935 he joined his father and uncle’s business till the year 1940 when his father started new business and took him as a partner. This company had a branch in Tananarive where Haideralibhai managed the business for one year it was in the year 1956. In 1958 he moved to Mauritius and Reunion to open new branches. Finally he decided to settle in Reunion in year 1958.

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Archives Section (Part 5) Down the Memory Lane Photographs


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The Khoja Shia Ithna Asheri Mosque in Bagamoyo was built in the year 1889. Once a thriving town, Bagamoyo was an important port entry in Eastern Africa coast, the Khoja Shia Ithnaasheri community from Kutch and Kathiawad landed in Bagamoyo like in Kilwa, Lamu and Zanzibar over a century ago, the Bagamoyo Mosque was built in 1889 to cater for the growing population of our community, there is also a Kabrastan nearby where several community members are buried. Many of our community members in around 1905 started to move out from Bagamoyo to Dar es Salaam and other places, by late 1960s, there were only two to three families of Khoja Shia Ithnaasheris who remained in Bagamoyo.

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Alhaj Noormohamed Jivraj – Arua, Uganda

In 1915, Murabbi Noormohamed Jivraj became the first Ithnaasheri to settle in Arua. He was 29 years old at that time. Noormohamed was 19 when he travelled by dhow from India to Mombasa. From Mombasa he travelled by train to Kisumu and onwards by boat to Entebbe. He then walked 21 miles to reach Kampala. He worked for 5 years at Datoo Damji. In 1910, he went to Masindi, 130 miles from Kampala to start his own business. Masindi was undeveloped, with all houses made of mud and thatched roofs. After five years in Masindi, he moved to Arua where he opened a shop. He also opened another shop in Karuma, 14 miles away in the Congo. In 1921 he went to India and returned in 1928. By this time there were already ten Indian families in Arua and a few sturdy homes had been built.

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