Health

To identify, initiate and support the healthcare, health education and physical fitnessactivities in order to promote health awareness in the community. Also provide advice andassist patients for medical treatment both locally and abroad when required.

Ref: CHB/HB/026/15                                                         

CHB NEWS BULLETIN

BLOOD PRESSURE

Blood pressure is the amount of force (pressure) that blood exerts on the walls of the vessels as it passes through them.

Why Is It Important?
 
As blood is pumped from the heart into the blood vessels, enough pressure is created to send it to all other parts of the body. As blood vessels travel away from the heart, they branch off and gradually get smaller, just like the branches of a tree. One branch may go to the brain, while another may go to your kidneys. Blood pressure keeps the blood flowing through all these branches so the body's cells get the oxygen and nutrients they need.
 
There are two types of Blood Pressure:- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) & Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

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Ref: CHB/HB/025/15                                                                   

CHB NEWS BULLETIN

What is obesity?

The definition of obesity varies depending on what one reads. In general, overweight and obesity indicate a weight greater than what is considered healthy. Obesity is a chronic condition defined by an excess amount of body fat. A certain amount of body fat is necessary for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions.

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Ref: CHB/HB/024/14                 

WHAT ARE THE HEATH RISKS OF SMOKING    

Smoking:

  • Harms nearly every organ of the body
  • Causes many diseases and reduces the health of smokers in general

 
Quitting smoking lowers your risk for smoking-related diseases and can add years to your life.
 

 

 Important Information

Smoking and Death

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States.

  • Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. This is about one in five deaths.
  • Smoking causes more deaths each year than all of these combined:
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Illegal drug use
    • Alcohol use
    • Motor vehicle injuries
    • Firearm-related incidents
  • More than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States during its history.
  • Smoking causes about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer deaths in men and women. More women die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.
  • About 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are caused by smoking.
  • Cigarette smoking increases risk for death from all causes in men and women.
  • The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years in men and women in the United States.

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 AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

Autism is a disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Autism presents itself during the first three years of a person's life

Autism (or ASD) is a wide-spectrum disorder. This means that no two people with autism will have exactly the same symptoms. As well as experiencing varying combinations of symptoms, some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones.

The most commonly found characteristics identified among people with an ASD are:

  • Social skills:

If the symptoms are not severe, the person with ASD may seem socially clumsy, sometimes offensive in his/her comments, or out of synch with everyone else. If the symptoms are more severe, the person may seem not to be interested in other people at all. They have very little eye contact. To put it more simply, they lack the necessary playing and talking skills.

  • Empathy - Understanding and being aware of the feelings of others

A person with autism will find it much harder to understand the feelings of other people. Having a conversation with a person with autism may feel very much like a one-way trip.
 

  • Physical contact

A number of children with an ASD do not like cuddling or being touched like other children do.

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DIABETES MELLITUS:

Diabetes mellitus (DM), also known as simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood levels over a prolonged period.

Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:

  • Type 1 DM results from the body's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.
  • Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise.
  • Gestational diabetes is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.

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