First Aid

This is going to be a series of Ten presentations teaching the basics of First Aid and addressing some common Emergencies that you may encounter in your daily life and therefore be prepared if the time arises.

Step 1.  Assess the situation

  • Take control of your feelings, don't act impulsively
  • Look for danger; is there any risk to you or the casualty?
  • Put your safety first. If possible remove danger from casualty or casualty from danger.
  • If it is unsafe, call for emergency help and wait for it to arrive.

Step 2.  Assess the casualties

  • Is the casualty visibly conscious? A quiet casualty may be an indication that the person is unconscious. Quiet casualties should always be your first priority.

Step 3.  Check Response

  • Does the casualty respond to your voice or stimulation? Ask a question “What happened?” or give a command, such as “Open your eyes”. Speak loudly and clearly.
  • Gently shake the casualty’s shoulder.
  • If there is a response, then leave casualty in position found and seek help if needed.
  • If there is no response, shout for help and proceed to step 4.

Step 4.  Open Airway; Check Breathing

  • Place one hand on the casualty’s forehead and gently tilt his head back.
  • Pick out any obvious obstructions from the mouth.
  • Place a finger under the casualty’s chin and lift the chin.
  • If you suspect a spine injury then do not tilt the head. Open the airway by gently lifting the jaw (jaw thrust)

Step 5.  Check Breathing

  • Look, listen, feel. Look for chest movement. Listen for sounds of breathing. Feel for breath on your cheek. Do this for no more than 10 seconds.
  • If casualty is not breathing, send helper to call for ambulance.
  • Begin Rescue Breathing. (COVERED IN TUTORIAL No.2)
  • If he is breathing – check for life threatening conditions such as severe bleeding. Place in Recovery Position. (COVERED IN TUTORIAL No.3)

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